The Military Selective Service Act (MSSA), 50 U.S.C 3806(j) designates the Director of Selective Service responsible for finding civilian work for persons exempt from training and service. Those exempt from training and service are called Conscientious Objectors. Conscientious Objectors by reason of religious training and belief, are conscientiously opposed to participation in war in any form. A person who is granted an exemption for Conscientious Objector to combatant service shall be inducted into the armed forces and assigned to noncombatant service. A person who is granted an exemption Conscientious Objector to all military service shall participate in civilian work contributing to the maintenance of the national health, safety, or interest of the United States.
The Director of Selective Service has established the Alternative Service Program (ASP) to manage those granted Conscientious Objector to all military service. All Conscientious Objectors are assigned civilian work for a period of 24 months, the same amount of time prescribed to those who are conscripted. All civilian work performed shall contribute to the maintenance of the national health, safety, or interest of the United States.
The Alternative Service Employer Network is a pool of approved civilian employers who agree to provide places of employment for period of 24 months to Alternative Service Workers.
Alternative Service Workers are individuals you have been granted Conscientious Objector to all military service by their Local Board or Appeal Board. Conscientious Objectors are called Alternative Service Workers after their claim is granted and enter the Alternative Service Program.
Note : The criteria for classification “Conscientious Objector” is codified in the Military Selective Service Act (MSSA). See 50 U.S.C. § 3806(j). The Supreme Court, relying on the First Amendment to the Constitution, has set forth a definition that expands and clarifies the criteria for exemption under § 3806(j).
In any return to conscription the Director of Selective Service is responsible for finding alternative civilian work for registrants who have been exempted from military service and training because of conscientious objection to both combatant and noncombatant military service. The Director will place these registrants with members of the Alternative Service Employer Network (ASEN), a pool of eligible civilian employers who agree to provide jobs to Alternative Service Workers (ASWs) in a draft. The work offered by these employers must contribute to the maintenance of the national health, safety, or interest.
Employers considered appropriate for ASW assignments are limited to:
Employment programs or activities generally considered to be appropriate for Alternative Service work include:
In peacetime, Selective Service makes contact with potential employers. Those outreach efforts increase during mobilization when Selective Service will seek the assistance of existing members of its ASEN, charitable institutions, public agencies, religious groups, and community leaders. In addition, organizations desiring to employ ASWs will be encouraged to submit written requests to SSS.
Selective Service will negotiate employment agreements with prospective employers with the objective of obtaining an adequate number of agreements to assure the timely placement of all ASWs.